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  • 1 School of Applied Sciences University of Wolverhampton Wulfruna Street Wolverhampton WV1 1SB United Kingdom Wulfruna Street Wolverhampton WV1 1SB United Kingdom
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Abstract  

Pure silica zeolite ZSM-5 has been synthesised in a slightly acidic aqueous fluoride medium which produces the protonated form of the zeolite ZSM-5 [1]. Tetrahalometallate [2] species of cobalt and manganese have been synthesised and increasing mole fractions incorporated into the zeolite synthesis gel. The products have been analysed and characterised using simultaneous thermogravimetric-derivative thermogravimetric analysis (TG-DTG). The thermal decomposition, under nitrogen of the associated tetraethylammonium (TEA+) and tetrapropylammonium (TPA+) cations occluded within the zeolite channels is indicative and characteristic of the incorporation of the heteroatoms into the zeolitic framework. Analysis by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) has confirmed the reliability of thermogravimetric (TG) and derived thermogravimetric analysis (DTG) as a diagnostic tool.