A computerized adiabatic calorimeter for heat capacity measurements in the temperature range 80–400 K has been constructed.
The sample cell of the calorimeter, which is about 50 cm3 in internal volume, is equipped with a platinum resistance thermometer and surrounded by an adiabatic shield and a guard
shield. Two sets of 6-junction chromel-copel thermocouples are mounted between the cell and the shields to indicate the temperature
differences between them. The adiabatic conditions of the cell are automatically controlled by two sets of temperature controller.
The reliability of the calorimeter was verified through heat capacity measurements on the standard reference material α-Al2O3. The results agreed well with those of the National Bureau of Standards (NBS): within 0.2% throughout the whole temperature
region. The heat capacities of high-purity graphite and polystyrene were precisely measured in the interval 260–370 K by using
the above-mentioned calorimeter. The results were tabulated and plotted and the thermal behavior of the two materials was
discussed in detail. Polynomial expressions for calculation of the heat capacities of the two substances are presented.