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  • 1 Russian Academy of Science Enikolopov N. S. Institute of Synthetic Polymeric Materials Moscow Russia Moscow Russia
  • 2 Chalmers University of Technology Department of Polymeric Materials Gothenburg Sweden Gothenburg Sweden
  • 3 Russian Academy of Science Institute of Organoelement Compounds Moscow Russia Moscow Russia
  • 4 University of Liège Center for Education and Research on Macromolecules Belgium Belgium
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Abstract  

Thermogravimetry was used to investigate the effects of different inorganic functional fillers on the heat resistance of polymer matrices. The kinetic parameters of thermal oxidative degradation were shown to depend on the polymer, the chemical composition of the filler surface, the filler concentration, and the processing method, which determines the distribution of filler particles in the polymer matrix. Magnetic fillers (carbonyl iron, and hexaferrites of different structural types) were shown to be chemically active fillers, increasing the heat resistance of siliconorganic polymers. Their stabilizing effect is due to blocking of the end silanol groups and macroradicals by the surface of the filler and non-chain inhibition of thermal oxidative degradation. In the case of fiber-forming polymers (UHMWPE, PVOH and PAN), most magnetic fillers are chemically inert, but at concentrations of 30–50 vol% they increase the heat resistance of the composite. Addition of carbon black increased the heat resistance of the thermoplastic matrix. The dependence of the thermal degradation onset temperature on the kaolin concentration in the polyolefin matrix exhibited a maximum. Analysis of the experimental results demonstrated the operating temperature ranges for different composites, and their maximum operating temperature.

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