Competing groups in a population will be integrated or segregated depending on their contest strategies.
In this work a population of a fixed proportion of hawks and doves is supposed to be able to employ two different contest
strategies, one more competitive than the other one. Energies are derived for populations employing these strategies and these
energies depend on the availability of the resource for which hawks and doves compete.
The energy for the less competitive strategy is lower than the other one when the resource is abundant. In that case hawks
and doves can be in cohabitation in all proportions. If, however, the resource is scarce, the energy of the more competitive
strategy is lower than the other one. In that case complete segregation of hawks and doves into colonies will result.
The situation is akin to the phase pressure diagram of a binary solution with eutectic point, miscibility gap in the liquid
phase and complete miscibility in the vapour phase.