Author: A. El-Awad 1
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  • 1 Assiut University Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science Assiut 71516 Egypt Assiut 71516 Egypt
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Abstract  

The catalytic effect of two different groups of chromites on the non-isothermal decomposition of KClO4was studied. TG and DSC curves of the thermal behaviour obtained for KClO4-alkaline earth chromites (Series 1) mixtures indicate the formation of K2Cr2O7, through a solid-solid interaction, before accelerating the decomposition stage of KClO4. Such an accelerating effect becomes more pronounced in the case of admixing KClO4 with some transition metal chromites (Series 2). The results were discussed taking into consideration the electronic configuration of cations and the electrical properties of the chromite catalysts. The presence of coordinatively active cations, able to form surface complex with the oxygen of the perchlorate anion, was proved to be necessary for obtaining an active catalyst. The kinetic parameters and models describing the catalyzed thermal decomposition process of KClO4 were evaluated by using a computer program that allows the analysis using five different methods. It was found that the adopted kinetic model for pure KClO4 and that mixed with catalysts from Series 1 is one-dimensional movement of phase boundary. On the other hand, random nucleation mechanism was achieved in the presence of catalysts from Series 2. Finally, a tentative reaction mechanism consistent with the obtained results was suggested.