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  • 1 Deutsches Textilforschungszentrum Nord-West e. V. Adlerstrasse 1 D-47798 Krefeld Germany
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The complexation of aliphatic alcohols by α- and β-cyclodextrins and their partially methylated derivatives has been studied by means of calorimetric titrations in aqueous solution. The methyl substituents have no pronounced influence upon the complex formation. α-Cyclodextrin and the partially methylated derivative form with only few exceptions more stable than β-cyclodextrin. With increasing chain length of the alcohols the values of the stability constants and reaction enthalpies increase in case of the complex formation with α-cyclodextrin and partially methylated α-cyclodextrin. In contrast the complex formation becomes disfavoured by the reaction entropy with an increasing number of methylene groups. The values of the reaction enthalpies with the β-cyclodextrins are close to zero. Thus the complexation is only favoured by entropic contributions.