Thermoanalytical instruments are extensively used in R&D as well as in industrial quality control. A quantitative analysis
of the data of a thermoanalytical measurement requires a careful calibration of the instrument. In differential scanning calorimetry
(DSC) the quantities that have to be calibrated are the temperature and the heat flow. These two quantities are usually calibrated
by evaluating melting or solid-solid transitions of some reference materials with well known transition enthalpies and temperatures.
In this contribution we investigate temperature and heat flow calibration in the temperature range between −100 and 160C.
We included 9 different samples for the analysis and established some general rules for the calibration process. As a result
we found that with a well calibrated instrument the heat flow can be measured with 90% confidence to about 3% accuracy in
this temperature range. With respect to temperature calibration we find that accuracies of 0.8C (90% confidence) may be
expected. These values represent general accuracy limitations of DSC’s due to varying heat transfer conditions within the