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  • 1 Baxter Healthcare Round Lake IL 60073 USA Round Lake IL 60073 USA
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Abstract  

In polymer degradation and durability studies, as well as predicting shelf-life for medical devices, one is confronted with the need for accurate prediction and difficulties of long term real-time evaluation. Various ways to accelerate the degradation process have met with mixed success. However, recently, in our own studies, a ‘master curve’ like behavior was found to be valid for polypropylene samples studied. Evidently, for samples obeying the master curve, very few data points at high temperatures can be scaled to obtain reasonably accurate estimates on long term durability. Nevertheless, in a reference medium density polyethylene (MDPE) film material, the high temperature oxidative induction time data appear to diverge when run under air atmosphere compared with oxygen environments. In this article, we will present data on many of the polymer systems studied with an emphasis on extrapolation schemes for high temperature accelerated data to lower temperature very long-term durability. In this context, polymer and antioxidant reactivity toward oxygen, morphology, and mechanical property dependence on extent of degradation all need to be considered. And the potential and limitations of this approach will be discussed.

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