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  • 1 University of Ljubljana Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology Aškerčeva 5 1000 Ljubljana Slovenia Aškerčeva 5 1000 Ljubljana Slovenia
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Abstract  

The enthalpy change on mixing solutions of methyl-substituted benzenesulfonic acids and their salts, with salts having a common cation or anion, at constant ionic strength in mixtures of 1,4-dioxane with water, were measured at 25C. The heat effects of mixing solutions having a common anion increase almost linearly with the reciprocal value of the dielectric constant of the solvent. The heat effects of mixing solutions having a common cation, which are all negative in water-rich solutions, become endothermic after a certain value of the dielectric constant is passed. The results are discussed in terms of the solute-solvent structural properties.

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