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  • 1 CNR-Istituto di Chimica dei Materiali CP 10 00016 Monterotondo Stazione, Roma Italy CP 10 00016 Monterotondo Stazione, Roma Italy
  • | 2 Università di Catania Dipartimento di Chimica v.le A. Doria 6 95125 Catania Italy v.le A. Doria 6 95125 Catania Italy
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Abstract  

By means of the combined use of scanning electron microscopy+energy dispersive spectrometry(SEM+EDS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential thermal analysis (DTA) and thermogravimetry (TG), the thermal decomposition of gypsum and gypsum bonded investment used for casting jewellery products has been studied in order to gain a further insight into the origin of the gas porosity in gold-based alloys produced via lost wax casting. The occurrence of the defect is related to the thermal decomposition of CaSO4 that constitutes with silica the investment material and the decomposition of which takes place at a temperature very close to the casting temperature of some typical gold alloys. The decrease of the thermal decomposition temperature of gypsum is induced by the presence of silica and is related to the surface acid-base interaction between SiO2 and CaSO4. On the base of these results, the solid state thermal decomposition of calcium sulphate in the presence of other metal oxides characterised by different acid-base nature has been investigated and a correlation between the surface acid-base properties measured as isoelectric point of the solid surface (IEPS) and via XPS analysis and the temperature of CaSO4 thermal decomposition is observed.

Manuscript Submission: HERE

  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)