The formation of alkali metal alcoxides by an alcohol reacting on the elemental metal itself cannot be completed under stoichiometric
conditions. As a consequence of solvation, the chemical activity of the reacting alcohol is drastically reduced. Thus, the
reaction cannot undergo completion without a large excess of alcohol with respect to the alkali metal. Moreover, solvation
processes can drop the reaction kinetics down to nearly zero. When an excess of alkali metal is reacted with alcohol, the
heat accumulated by solvation can be suddenly released by an addition of pure alcohol. Extremely dangerous thermal runaways
can be started this way.