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Abstract  

Thin films of 3,4-epoxycyclohexylmethyl 3',4'-epoxycyclohexane carboxylate were UV irradiated (1.1 J cm-2) under isothermal conditions ranging from 0 to 50C. Under these conditions the polymerization advanced quickly but only to a conversion level of less than 10% before the reaction rate slowed by more than an order of magnitude. This drop off in rate was not caused by the glass transition temperature, Tg, reaching or exceeding the reaction temperature, Trxn, since the epoxide's Tg remained at least 40C below Trxn. Raising the sample temperature above 60C caused a sharp increase in the conversion level. At 100C conversion exceeds 80% and the ultimate Tg approaches 190C. The addition of 10 mass% 1,6-hexanediol, HD, to the epoxy caused the conversion at room temperature to quintuple over the level obtained without the alcohol present. The heat liberated from this alcohol epoxy blend during cure on a UV conveyor belt system caused the sample's temperature to increase by about 100C above ambient whereas the epoxy alone under these conditions only experienced a modest temperature rise of about 26C. If the amount of HD in the blend is increased above 10% the heat of reaction at 23C decreases due to HD being trapped in a nonreactive crystalline phase. Boosting reaction temperatures above 50C melts the HD crystals and yields significantly improved conversion ratios. As the level of alcohol blended with the epoxy is raised its ultimate Tg is lowered and when the concentration of alcohol in the blend nears 30 mass%Tg drops below room temperature.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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