Authors:
S. BartschUniversity of Innsbruck Institute of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology Innrain 52 A-6020 Innsbruck Austria Innrain 52 A-6020 Innsbruck Austria

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U. GriesserUniversity of Innsbruck Institute of Pharmacy, Ph. Technology Innrain 52 6020 Innsbruck Austria Innrain 52 6020 Innsbruck Austria

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Abstract  

Solid dispersions of the antidiabetic drug glibenclamide and polyethylene glycol 4000 (macrogol 4000) were prepared by the melting method in order to increase the solubility of this poorly water-soluble compound. The temperature/composition phase diagram of the components was analyzed by hot-stage microscopy and differential scanning calorimetry, showing a monotectic. Polarized light hot stage microscopy and X-ray-powder diffraction confirmed, that glibenclamide is mainly present in a non-crystalline state after melting and solidifying of a 10% (w/w) mixture, which results in an enhanced solubility compared to physical mixtures. The solubility and dissolution rate of the drug increases clearly with decreasing drug/polymer ratio. Moreover, it was observed for the first time that a drug could crystallize as whiskers at the surface of aged solid dispersion particles. Besides relaxation phenomena, this crystallization mechanism may be responsible for a deterioration of liberation properties and bioavailability of solid dispersion based drug products with increasing storage time.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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Geopolymers

Inorganic polymeric new materials

Author:
J. Davidovits