The paper discusses the thermal properties of alginate fibres made from alginic acid or sodium alginate and from alginates
substituted with divalent metal ions during the fibre-forming stage. Alginate fibres with an addition of silica nanoparticles
have also been examined. The selection of fibre-forming parameters was intended to obtain the best either sorption or strength
properties depending on the specific fibre application. Thermal curves of the fibres under investigations obtained by under
air atmosphere and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) under neutral gas atmosphere have been interpreted from the view
of physical and chemical changes in the fibre-forming material. Based on thermogravimetric curves, the fibre thermal stability
indices have been determined. It has been found that the addition of silica nanoparticles exerts a positive influence on the
thermal properties of the examined fibres.