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  • 1 Department of Chemistry, Rhodes University Grahamstown 6140, South Africa Grahamstown 6140, South Africa
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A representational model, proposed to account for the physical changes that accompany the melting of alkali halides, was described in Part 1 [1]. The liquid is portrayed as undergoing continual dynamic structural reorganization of its constituent ions between individual small domains, zones of various regular, crystal-type arrays. These alternative arrangements are stabilized by the enthalpy of melting, which, in liquids, relaxes the restriction for solids that only the single, most stable, crystal structure can be present. The dynamic character of the melt accounts for its fluid character and the loss of long-range order [1, 2]. This model is extended here to consider the phase diagrams of binary, common ion, alkali halide mixtures comprehensively reviewed in [3]. Factors determining whether each of these yields a eutectic, or a solid solution, on cooling are discussed and several trends in the 70-phase diagrams are identified. Eutectic formation, involving maintenance of the liquid state below the melting points of the pure components, is ascribed to the participation, in an extended dynamic equilibrium, of additional domains having the regular structures characteristic of double salts. The known crystalline double binary halides [3], Li/Cs or Rb/F, Cl, Br or I, melt at temperatures well below those of the simpler pure component salts. It is concluded that the set/liq model for melting, proposed in [1, 2], accounts for some important properties of the phase diagrams presented in [3].

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)