View More View Less
  • 1 Hungarian Dairy Research Institute Tüzér u. 15, 7623 Pécs, Hungary Tüzér u. 15, 7623 Pécs, Hungary
  • 2 Biophysical Department, University of Pécs, Faculty of Medicine Szigeti u. 12, 7624 Pécs, Hungary Szigeti u. 12, 7624 Pécs, Hungary
Restricted access

The quality of sour cream production from homogenised cream in the 1970's was highly improved. The heat resistance of product remained badly, that is, it precipitated in hot food. The Hungarian Dairy Research Institute (HDRI) has elaborated a technology that eliminates this disadvantageous characteristic: it is the use of exopolysaccharide (EPS)-producing lactic acid bacteria. This bacterium produces no aroma, and the proliferation optima of EPS-producing and aroma-producing lactic acid bacteria cultures do not coincide. Detection of these two bacteria was done until now by gene technology, that is expensive and long lasting one. We have applied (at first as we know) isotherm calorimetric method to follow the simultaneous proliferation of these bacteria and it was determined that: both lactic acid bacteria cultures proliferate well at the non-optimal temperature of 30°C and the thermophilic EPS-producing culture was faster than that of the mesophilic aroma-producer. The two cultures do not inhibit each other in mixed culture, and the ratio in mixed culture was 79% EPS-producer and 21% aroma-producer.