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  • 1 Geology Group, Department of Natural Sciences, The Open University of Israel, The Dorothy de Rothschild Campus 108 Ravutski Street, Raanana, Israel 108 Ravutski Street, Raanana, Israel
  • | 2 Institute of Archaeology, Tel-Aviv University Tel-Aviv, Israel (deceased) Tel-Aviv, Israel (deceased)
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The Iron Age ceramic technology used in the manufacturing of cooking pots was studied by thermo-FTIR spectroscopy analysis. The pottery was excavated at Tel Hadar on the eastern shore of the Sea of Galilee. The results demonstrate that the cooking pots were manufactured using noncalcareous or slightly calcareous raw material proceeds from soil. The firing was at about 750-850C and the cementation to ceramic was obtained by low temperature sintering of the clay. The use of soil raw material composed of smectitic (montmorillonitic) clay enabled the low temperature sintering. The clay from soil is relatively poorly crystallized and rich in natural iron oxide, both of which induce earlier sintering. Most of the cooking pots were tempered with broken pieces of large calcite crystals that were added to the clayey raw material from an additional source. Alternative tempering with limestone particles composed of polycrystalline calcite is inappropriate as it brings about earlier and intense decarbonation during the firing, which causes defects in the pots.

Manuscript Submission: HERE

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
per Year
per Year
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)