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  • 1 University of London The School of Pharmacy London UK WC1N 1AX 29–39 Brunswick Square London UK WC1N 1AX 29–39 Brunswick Square
  • | 2 Thermal Hazard Technology Buckinghamshire UK MK1 1SW Bletchley 1 North House, Bond Avenue Buckinghamshire UK MK1 1SW Bletchley 1 North House, Bond Avenue
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Abstract  

Isothermal calorimetry is finding extensive application in a number of research areas. This popularity is reflected in the number of commercially available instruments which are capable of yielding a variety of thermodynamic and kinetic parameters. Whilst there has been much discussion of ways in which to validate any values returned from these instruments very little has been done quantitatively to compare the relative performances of different instruments. This paper highlights the use of a test and reference reaction quantitatively to compare the performance of three instruments (Thermometric TAM, THT RC and a Setaram HSDSC III); the specifications of these instruments provide a range from high-sensitivity, long equilibration time to lower-sensitivity, short equilibration time. The comparison is made through a statistical analysis of values returned for the rate constant, enthalpy of reaction and activation energy for the base catalysed hydrolysis of methyl paraben. The statistical analysis from the data set discussed here indicates that there is no significant difference between the returned thermodynamic and kinetic parameters from the TAM and RC. The analysis revealed however that the HSDSC returns values for the rate constant which are significantly different from both the TAM and RC, although it is noted that this instrument was not specifically designed to operate in a step-isothermal mode and that it was possible to apply a correction to the data. In all cases the enthalpy data returned from all instruments were statistically similar although the RC and HSDSC returned values which were, for the rate constant and activation energy, less precise than those obtained from the TAM. As well as highlighting the importance of using test and reference reactions, this study also shows that proper instrument selection is an important factor when designing a calorimetric experimental series.

Manuscript Submission: HERE

  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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