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  • 1 Malek Ashtar University of Technology Faculty of Material and Chemical Engineering Tehran Iran 16765-3454 Tehran Iran 16765-3454
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Abstract  

Thermogravimetry (TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) in the non-isothermal mode have been used to examine the thermal behaviour of the micron sized aluminum (Al) powder/potassium chlorate pyrotechnic systems in air, in relation to the behaviour of the individual constituents. The effects of different parameters of Al powder, such as particle size and its content in the mixtures, on their thermal property were investigated. The results showed that, the reactivity of Al powder in air increases as the particle size decreases. Also, it was found that neat Al with 5 m particle sizes (Al5) has a fusion temperature of about 647C, that for 18 m powder (Al18) is 660C. Pure potassium chlorate has a fusion temperature around 356C and decomposes at 472C. DTA curves for Al5/KClO3 (30:70) mixture showed a maximum peak temperature for the ignition of mixture at 485C. Also, by increasing the particle size of Al powder, the ignition temperature of the mixture increased. On the other hand, the oxidation temperature increased by enhancing the Al content of the mixtures. In this particular study, we observed that the width of reaction peak for the mixtures corresponds to their Al contents of samples.

Manuscript Submission: HERE

  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)