Lanthanum-bearing silicate-oxyapatites or britholites, Ca10–xLax(PO4)6–x(SiO4)xO with 1≤x≤6, have been synthesized by solid state reaction
at high temperature. They were characterized by X-ray diffraction and IR spectroscopy.
Using two microcalorimeters, the heat of solution of these compounds have
been measured at 298 K in a solution of nitric and hydrofluoric acid. A strained
least squares method was applied to the experimental results to obtain the
solution enthalpies at infinite dilution, and the mixing enthalpy in two steps.
In the first step the mixing enthalpy obtained is referenced to the britholite
monosubstituted and to the oxysilicate. The mixing enthalpy referenced to
the oxyapatite and to the oxysilicate is then extrapolated. In order to determine
the enthalpies of formation of all the terms of the solution, thermochemical
cycles were proposed and complementary experiments were performed. The results
obtained show a decrease of the enthalpy of formation with the amount of Si
and La introduced in the lattice. This was explained by the difference in
the bond energies of (Ca–O, P–O) and (La–O, Si–O).