This article presents the results
of our investigation on the obtaining of Ni0.65Zn0.35Fe2O4 ferrite nanoparticles embedded in a SiO2 matrix using
a modified sol–gel synthesis method, starting from tetraethylorthosilicate
(TEOS), metal (FeIII,NiII,ZnII)
nitrates and ethylene glycol (EG). This method consists in the formation of
carboxylate type complexes, inside the silica matrix, used as forerunners
for the ferrite/silica nanocomposites. We prepared gels with different compositions,
in order to obtain, through a suitable thermal treatment, the nanocomposites
(Ni0.65Zn0.35Fe2O4)x–(SiO2)100–x (where x=10,
20, 30, 40, 50, 60 mass%). The synthesized gels were studied by differential
thermal analysis (DTA), thermogravimetry (TG) and FTIR spectroscopy.
The formation of Ni–Zn ferrite in the silica matrix and the behavior
in an external magnetic field were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and
quasi-static magnetic measurements (50 Hz).