One of the limiting factors to the effectiveness of biostimulation and bioremediation is the loss of inoculated material from
the site. This can occur by a number of pathways, but is particularly problematic in open water systems where the inoculated
material is simply lost in the water. It is desirable to develop new material, a matrix, within which bacteria and/or biostimulants
can be incorporated.
We have investigated the basic physical properties of insoluble potato starch to eventually evaluate its use as such a matrix.
Insoluble starch fibers were prepared from white potato (Solanum tuberosum) and sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) and were compared for their melting temperature by DSC and their ability to bind/aggregate bacteria. The DSC curves for
white and sweet potato showed that the melting temperature is 127.34 and 133.05�C for white and sweet potato fibers, respectively.
The TG curves for white and sweet potato starches exhibited one main mass loss step corresponding to the DTG peak temperature
at 323.39 and 346.93�C, respectively. The two types of fibers, however, showed different binding/aggregation capacities for
bacteria, with white potato approximately twice as many cells of Burkholderia cepacia (22.6 billion/g) as cells of Pseudomonas putida. The reverse was true for fibers from sweet potato, binding twice as many cells of Pseudomonas putida (23 billion/g) as cells of Burkholderia cepacia.