Solid-state Ln(Bz)3·H2O compounds where Ln stands for trivalent yttrium or lanthanides and Bz is benzoate have been synthesized. Simultaneous thermogravimetry-differential
thermal analysis (TG-DTA), X-ray powder diffractometry, infrared spectroscopy and chemical analysis were used to characterize
and to study the thermal behaviour of these compounds. The results led to information about the composition, dehydration,
thermal stability and thermal decomposition of the isolated compounds.