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  • 1 Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, 91904 Israel
  • | 2 Casali Institute of Applied Chemistry, The Institute of Chemistry, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, 91904 Israel
  • | 3 Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, 84105 Israel
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Abstract  

The blue organo-clay color pigment (OCCP) naphthylazonaphthylammonium-montmorillonite was synthesized from the white naphthylammonium-montmorillonite by treating with NaNO2, the azo colorant being located in the interlayer space. The following effects on the basal spacing of naphthylazonaphthylammonium-and naphthylammonium-clay were investigated: (1) the amount of naphthylammonium loading the clay, (2) the amount of NaNO2 used for the staining, (3) aging of the preparation suspension and (4) thermal treatment. Samples were heated at 120, 180, 240, 300 and 360°C and diffracted by X-ray. During aging, some of the dye decomposed. Samples, after one day aging, were investigated by DTA. During the dehydration stage both organo-clays gradually decomposed, the naphthylammonium-clay at 120°C and the OCCP at 180°C. That fraction of organic matter, which did not escape, was air-oxidized at above 200°C and charcoal was obtained. The appearance and size of the DTA exothermic peaks depended on the amount of organic matter, which did not escape and this depended on the total amount of organic matter in the DTA cell. DTA proved that naphthylammonium reacted with NaNO2 to form OCCP.

Manuscript Submission: HERE

  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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