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  • 1 Chinese Academy of Sciences Materials and Thermochemistry Laboratory, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics 457 Zhongshan Road Dalian 116023 P. R.China
  • | 2 Chinese Academy of Sciences Laboratory of Applied Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics 457 Zhongshan Road Dalian 116023 P. R. China
  • | 3 Chinese Academy of Sciences Education School of Chinese Academy of Science 19 Yu Quan Road Beijing 100039 P. R. China
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Abstract  

Polyaniline/γ-Al2O3 (PANI/γ-Al2O3) composites were synthesized by in-situ polymerization at the presence of HCl as dopant by adding γ-Al2O3 nanoparticles into aniline solution. The composites were characterized by FTIR and XRD. The thermogravimetry (TG) and modulated differential scanning calorimetry (MDSC) were used to study the thermal stability and glass transition temperature (Tg) of the composites, respectively. The results of FTIR showed that γ-Al2O3 nanoparticles connected with the PANI chains and affected the absorption characteristics of the composite through the interaction between PANI and nano-sized γ-Al2O3. And the results of XRD indicated that the peaks intensity of the PANI/γ-Al2O3 composite were weaker than that of the pure PANI. From TG and derivative thermogravimetry (DTG) curves, it was found that the pure PANI and the PANI/γ-Al2O3 composites were all one step degradation. And the PANI/γ-Al2O3 composites were more thermal stable than the pure PANI. The MDSC curves showed that the nano-sized γ-Al2O3 heightened the glass transition temperature (Tg) of PANI.

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