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  • 1 National Institute for Laser Plasma and Radiation Physics, Lasers Department 409 Atomistilor Bvd. Magurele Romania
  • | 2 University of Craiova Faculty of Chemistry Calea Bucuresti Str., Nr.107 I Craiova Romania
  • | 3 University of Craiova Faculty of Physics A.I. Cuza Str., Nr. 13 Craiova Romania
  • | 4 University Polytechnica of Bucharest Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Mechatronics Bucharest Romania
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Over the ages, the deposits of dead vegetation buried by rock and mudflows, compacted and compressed out all of the moisture; it slowly carbonized and became coal. Humic acids are natural organic acids — brown coloured biological macromolecules, formed in coal by biochemical changes (decomposition, pyrolysis) of lignocellulosic matter. From lignite coal bed, the humates were extracted in alkaline medium and isolated from the residual fraction. Humic acids were obtained by treating humantes’ solutions with HCl. Thermal analysis (TG, DTG, DTA and DSC) was used in order to establish the decomposition and thermal effects of lignite, humates, humic acids and residual matter extracted from Rovinari mines in Romania. A non-isothermal linear temperature regime was imposed to reveal all decomposition steps.