The thermal behavior of nicotinic acid under inert conditions was investigated by TG, FTIR and TG/DSC-FTIR. The results of
TG/DSC-FTIR and FTIR indicated that the thermal behavior of nicotinic acid can be divided into four stages: a solid-solid
phase transition (176–198°C), the process of sublimation (198–232°C), melting (232–263°C) and evaporation (263–325°C) when
experiment was performed at the heating rate of 20 K min−1. The thermal analysis kinetic calculation of the second stage (sublimation) and the fourth stage (evaporation) were carried
out respectively. Heating rates of 1, 1.5, 2 and 3 K min−1 were used to determine the sublimation kinetics.
The apparent activation energy, pre-exponential factor and the most probable model function were obtained by using the master
plots method. The results indicated that sublimation process can be described by one-dimensional phase boundary reaction,
g(α)=α. And the ‘kinetic triplet’ of evaporation process was also given at higher heating rates of 15, 20, 25, 30 and 35 K min−1. Evaporation process can be described by model of nucleation and nucleus growing,