Authors:
A. Menyhárd

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G. FaludiLaboratory of Plastics and Rubber Technology Department of Physical Chemistry and Materials Science at Budapest University of Technology and Economics 1111 Budapest Müegyetem rkp. 3. H. ép. I. Hungary

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J. VargaLaboratory of Plastics and Rubber Technology Department of Physical Chemistry and Materials Science at Budapest University of Technology and Economics 1111 Budapest Müegyetem rkp. 3. H. ép. I. Hungary

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Abstract  

Crystallization, melting and structure of three different commercial types of isotactic polypropylene (iPP) grafted by maleic anhydride (PP-g-MAH) with different maleic anhydride content (AC) and their β-nucleated versions were studied by X-ray diffractometry (WAXS), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), polarised light microscopy (PLM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The presence of maleic anhydride units disturbs the chain regularity, hereby decreases the crystallization tendency of iPP in general and the β-crystallisation ability in particular. β-modification of iPP (β-iPP) forms only in β-nucleated PP-g-MAH polymers studied if the anhydride content is not larger than 0.5 mass%. The influence of AC of PP-g-MAH on the feature the spherulitic structure is demonstrated by PLM and SEM micrographs. The β-nucleated iPP/PP-g-MAH blends containing 10 mass% PP-g-MAH crystallise predominantly in β-form independently of AC of the latter. The β-nuceated blends of iPP and PP-g-MAH with lowest AC crystallise in β-form in whole concentration range. The interaction parameter between iPP and PP-g-MAH polymers calculated by Nishi-Wang equation indicate limited interaction between the components.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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