The synthesis and characterization of lanthanide(III) citrates with stoichiometries 1:1 and 2:3; [LnL·xH2O] and [Ln2(LH)3·2H2O], Ln=La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm and Eu are reported. L stands for (C6O7H5)3− and LH for (C6O7H6)2−. Infrared absorption spectra of both series evidence coordination of carboxylate groups through symmetric bridges or chelation.
X-ray powder patterns show the amorphous character of [LnL·xH2O]. The compounds [Ln2LH3·2H2O] are crystalline and isomorphous. Emission spectra of Eu compounds suggest C2v symmetry for the coordination polyhedron of [LnL·xH2O] and C4v for [Ln2(LH)3·2H2O]. Thermal analyses (TG-DTG-DTA) were carried out for both series. The thermal analysis patterns of the two series are quite
different and both fit in a 4-step model of thermal decomposition, with lanthanide oxides as final products.