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  • 1 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Laboratory of Organic Chemical Technology, Department of Chemistry 541 24 Thessaloniki Greece
  • | 2 Queen’ University at Kingston Department of Chemical Engineering Kingston ON K7L 3N6 Canada
  • | 3 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Section of Pharmaceutics and Drug Control, Department of Pharmacy 541 24 Thessaloniki Greece
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Abstract  

In this work, the enhancement of drug dissolution rate through the preparation of new formulations containing Nimodipine in molecular level dispersion or in nanodispersion into poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) matrix, was investigated. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and modulated-temperature differential scanning calorimetry (MTDSC) in combination with X-ray powder diffractometry (XRPD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies showed that Nimodipine was amorphous in solid dispersions of 10 or 20 mass%, and mainly dispersed on a molecular level. This behaviour is attributed to the strong interactions taking place between the amine group of Nimodipine and carbonyl group of PVP. At higher drug loadings, crystal reflections in XRPD patterns and melting peaks of Nimodipine in DSC traces, indicated presence of drug in crystalline form. Micro-Raman studies in combination with SEM micrographs showed that the mean particle size increases with drug content in the formulations, up to 10 μm. Moreover, both XRPD patterns and micro-Raman spectra seem to indicate that Nimodipine crystallized in a second, thermodynamically stable, crystal modification II. The physicochemical characteristics of Nimodipine and the particle size distribution directly affect the dissolution rate enhancement, which is higher in amorphous dispersions.

Manuscript Submission: HERE

  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)