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  • 1 National Yunlin University of Science and Technology (NYUST) Process Safety and Disaster Prevention Laboratory, Department of Safety, Health, and Environmental Engineering 123, University Rd., Sec. 3 Douliou Yunlin 64002 Taiwan, ROC
  • | 2 Jen-Teh Junior College of Medicine, Nursing and Management Department of Occupational Safety and Health 1, Jen-Teh Rd., Houlong Miaoli 35664 Taiwan, ROC
  • | 3 Industrial Technology Research Institute Emergency Response Technology Department, Energy and Environmental Research Laboratories Rm. 251, Bldg. 67, 195, Sec. 4, Chung Hsing Rd. Chutung Hsinchu 31040 Taiwan, ROC
  • | 4 Chienkuo Technology University Department of General Education 1, Chieh Shou N. Rd. Changhua 50072 Taiwan, ROC
  • | 5 Kainan University Department of Risk Management 1, Kainan Rd. Luzhu Shiang Taoyuan 33857 Taiwan, ROC
  • | 6 NYUST Doctoral Program, Graduate School of Engineering Science and Technology 123, University Rd., Sec. 3 Douliou Yunlin 64002 Taiwan, ROC
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Abstract  

Cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) and its derivatives have caused many serious explosions and fires in Taiwan as a consequence of thermal instability, chemical contamination, and even mechanical shock. It has been employed in polymerization for producing phenol and dicumyl peroxide (DCPO). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used to analyze the thermal hazard of CHP in the presence of sodium hydroxide (NaOH), sulfuric acid (H2SO4), and sodium bisulfite (Na2SO3). Thermokinetic parameters for decomposition, such as exothermic onset temperature (T0), maximum temperature (Tmax), and enthalpy (ΔH), were obtained from the thermal curves. Isothermal microcalorimetry (thermal activity monitor, TAM) was employed to investigate the thermal hazards during CHP storage and CHP mixed with NaOH, H2SO4, and Na2SO3 under isothermal conditions in a reactor or container. Tests by TAM indicated that from 70 to 90 °C an autocatalytic reaction was apparent in the thermal curves. According to the results from the TAM test, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was, in turn, adopted to analyze the result of concentration versus time. By the Arrhenius equation, the activation energy (Ea) and rate constant (k) were calculated. Depending on the process conditions, NaOH was one of the incompatible chemicals or catalysts for CHP. When CHP is mixed with NaOH, the T0 is induced earlier and the reactions become more complex than for pure CHP, and the Ea is lower than for pure CHP.