Sodium montmorillonite has been modified via cation exchange reaction using gemini surfactants. Montmorillonite modified by
cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) is used for comparation. Basal spacings and thermal stability of these organo-montmorillonite
clays have been characterized using X-ray diffraction analysis and thermogravimetric analysis. The d(001) spacings of montmorillonite-Gemini14,
montmorillonite-Gemini16, montmorillonite-Gemini18 can reach above 35 Å compared with the 23.66 Å of the montmorillonite-CTAB
at 2.2CEC. The thermogravimetric analysis show four-step degradation which corresponds to residual water desorption, dehydration,
followed by decomposition of the organic modifier and the dehydroxylation of the organo-montmorillonite. In addition, DTG
enables two different structural arrangements of gemini surfactant molecules intercalating the montmorillonite to be proposed
that is different from montmorillonite-CTAB.