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  • 1 Food and Industrial Oil Research USDA/NCAUR/ARS 1815 N. University Street Peoria IL 61604 USA
  • | 2 Pennsylvania State University Department of Chemical Engineering University Park PA 16802 USA
  • | 3 University of Agriculture Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry Faisalabad 38040 Pakistan
  • | 4 Government College University Department of Industrial Chemistry Faisalabad 38000 Pakistan
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Abstract  

The increasing application of biobased lubricants could significantly reduce environmental pollution and contribute to the replacement of petroleum base oils. Vegetable oils are recognized as rapidly biodegradable and are thus promising candidates for use as base fluids in formulation of environment friendly lubricants. Although many vegetable oils have excellent lubricity, they often have poor oxidation and low temperature stability. Here in, we report the lubricant potential of Moringa oil, which has 74% oleic acid content and thus possess improved oxidation stability over many other natural oils. For comparison, Jatropha oil, cottonseed oil, canola oil and sunflower oil were also studied. Among these oils, Moringa oil exhibits the highest thermo-oxidative stability measured using PDSC and TG. Canola oil demonstrated superior low temperature stability as measured using cryogenic DSC, pour point and cloud point measurements. The friction and wear properties were measured using HFRR. Overall, it was concluded that Moringa oil has potential in formulation of industrial fluids for high temperature applications.

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