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  • 1 University of Udine Department of Scienze e Tecnologie Chimiche Via del Cotonificio 108 33100 Udine Italy
  • | 2 University of Copenhagen Department of Chemistry Universitetsparken 5 2100 Copenhagen Ø Denmark
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Abstract  

An investigation on the thermodynamics of complex formation between Ag(I) ion and two tripodal ligands tris[(2-pyridyl)methyl]amine (TPA) and 6,6′-bis-[bis-(2-pyridylmethyl)aminomethyl]-2,2′-bipyridine (BTPA) has been carried out in the aprotic solvents dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and dimethylformamide (DMF) by means of potentiometry and titration calorimetry. The results for TPA are compared with those already obtained for other aliphatic tripodal polyamines. In general, the TPA ligand forms complexes less stable than 2,2′,2″-triaminotriethylamine (TREN) and tris(2-(methylamino)ethyl)amine (Me3TREN) as a result of the combination of higher structural rigidity of TPA and lower σ-donor ability of pyridinic moieties with respect to primary and secondary amines. The same trend is found if the stability of Ag(I) complex with TPA is compared with that of tris(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)amine (ME6TREN), despite the pyridinic nitrogen is formally a tertiary one. Theoretical calculations run to explain the reasons of this weaker interaction indicate that this difference is due to solvation, rather than to steric or σ-donor effects. The ligand BTPA is able to form bimetallic species whose relative stability is largely influenced by the different solvation of Ag(I) ion in DMSO and DMF rather than by the difference in the dielectric constants of these two media.

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