Authors:
H. Waqas PIEAS Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering P.O.Nilore Islamabad Pakistan

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A. Qureshi PINSTECH Materials Division, Directorate of Technology Islamabad Pakistan

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Abstract  

Sol–gel auto combustion process was employed to synthesize nanosized Mn–Zn ferrite at different pH values (<1, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 10). Although self propagating combustion behavior of gel was noted at pH 5 but more effective combustion was observed at pH 6. The smoldering effect was observed in gel prepared at pH 7, 8 and 10, whereas pH < 1 showed localized burning. Thermogravimetric (TG) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses were done to investigate the effect of pH on the combustion behavior, particle size and the formation of desired magnetic (spinel) phase. From TG curves of burnt powders, activation energy of ignition reaction at each pH value was calculated. The results showed that fuel to oxidant ratio and the amount of gel residuals decided the value of activation energy required to further purify the burnt powders. Calcination parameters (time and temperature in air) of powders P1 and P6 synthesized at pH < 1 and pH 6 were also determined. B–H loop results showed that calcined powder C6 was more ferromagnetic than C1 due to fully developed spinel phase and larger particle size.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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