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  • 1 University Kebangsaan Malaysia Institute of Fuel Cell 43600 Bangi Selangor Malaysia
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Abstract  

A study concerned to thermogravimetric analysis is performed in cesium dihydrogen phosphate (CsH2PO4) that was synthesized, using cetyltrimethylammonium-bromide (CTAB), polyoxyethylene-polyoxypropylene (F-68) and mixture of (F-68:CTAB) with two mole ratio 0.06 and 0.12 as surfactant. The dehydration behavior of particles was studied using thermal gravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetric. Subsequently, the experimental results indicated that the first dehydration temperature in the range of 237–239 °C upon heating, the second peaks occur at temperature range 290–295 °C and overlapping in the thermogravimetric events is observed. The mass loss values are obtained in the range of 6.62–6.97 wt% that is less than reported theoretical value 7.8 wt%. These values show well compatibility of reaction CsH2PO4 to Cs2H2P2O7 with 3.92 wt% whereas mass loss value of CsH2PO4 to CsPO3 is less than theoretical value 7.8 wt%. The activation energy of two steps dehydration are calculated using Kissinger equation for the samples synthesized via CTAB and (F-68) with minimum value mass loss 6.62% and maximum value mass loss 6.97%, respectively. The calculation results reveal that the reaction rate in the first step (CsH2PO4 → Cs2H2P2O7) is faster than the second step (CsH2PO4 → CsPO3). The weight loss values of the samples demonstrate that existence of CTAB can be considered as effective factor which prevents more weight loss during the dehydration process.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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