Authors:
Małgorzata Jóźwiak University of Lodz Department of Physical Chemistry ul. Pomorska 165 90-236 Lodz Poland

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Adam Bald University of Lodz Department of Physical Chemistry of Solutions ul. Pomorska 163 90-236 Lodz Poland

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Andrzej Jóźwiak University of Lodz Department of Organic Chemistry ul. Narutowicza 68 90-136 Lodz Poland

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Abstract  

The thermodynamic functions of complex formation of benzo-15-crown-5 ether (B15C5) and sodium cation (Na+) in acetone–water mixtures at 298.15 K have been calculated. The equilibrium constants of B15C5/Na+ complex formation have been determined by conductivity measurements. The enthalpic effect of complex formation has been measured by the calorimetric method. The complexes are enthalpy-stabilized but entropy-destabilized in acetone–water mixtures. The effects of hydrophobic hydration, preferential solvation of B15C5 by a molecule of water and acetone, respectively and the solvation of Na+ on the complex formation processes have been discussed. The calculated thermodynamic functions of B15C5/Na+ complex formation and the effect of benzene ring on the complex formation have been compared with analogous data obtained in dimethylsulfoxide–water mixtures. The effect of carbonyl atom replacement in acetone molecule by sulphur atom (DMSO molecule) on the thermodynamic functions of complex formation has been analysed.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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