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  • 1 Jordan University of Science & Technology Department of Applied Chemistry P.O. Box 3030 22110 Irbid Jordan
  • | 2 Jordan University of Science & Technology Department of Applied Physics P.O. Box 3030 22110 Irbid Jordan
  • | 3 Sudan University of Science & Technology Department of Chemistry P.O. Box 857 Khartoum Sudan
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Abstract

The synthesis, characterization, and hydrogel properties of starch-g-(tert-butylacrylate) and starch-g-(n-butylacrylate) copolymers were studied. The optimum conditions for the grafting process of tert-butylacrylate into 1.0 g of starch were as follows: [tert-butylacrylate] = 0.04 mol/L, [CAN] = 9.0 × 10−4 mol/L, temperature = 20 °C in 100 mL solution, whereas the results using n-butylacrylate monomer were as follows: [n-butylacrylate] = 0.04 mol/L, [CAN] = 4.0 × 10−3 mol/L, temperature = 30 °C in 100 mL solution. The grafting evidences of monomers into starch were done through TG and its derivative DTG for thermal changes and mass losses, scanning electron microscope (SEM) for morphological changes, powder X-ray for crystallinity measurements and FTIR for functional group changes. Acid hydrolysis method was used efficiently to allow the calculations of the viscosity average molecular weight (Mv) of the grafted chains on starch and consequently the real percent of grafting efficiency (i.e. %GY). The capability of starch-g-(n-BAC) hydrogel to absorb water were found 10 times more than starch-g-(tert-BAC) hydrogel, which were clarified through the X-ray and SEM results.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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