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  • 1 Centre de Recherche Scientifique et Technique en Analyses Physico-Chimiques (C.R.A.P.C), BP 248, Alger RP 16004, Algiers, Algeria
  • | 2 Laboratoire de Catalyse et Environnement, EA 2598, MREI, Université du Littoral-Cote d’Opale, 145, Avenue Maurice Schumann, 59140, Dunkerque Cedex, France
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Abstract

The tertiary butylation of phenol has been investigated over a series of gallium-modified folded sheet mesoporous materials (Ga-FSM-16) with different Si/Ga ratios (Si/Ga = 80, 50, 20) synthesized by the microwave-hydrothermal (M-H) process and characterized by several spectroscopic techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), N2 adsorption, temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) of pyridine and 71Ga MAS-NMR spectroscopy. The catalyst Ga-FSM-16 (20) showed the best performance in the acid-catalyzed tertiary butylation of phenol employing tert-butanol as the alkylation agent. A high phenol conversion of 80.3% is observed for this catalyst at a reaction temperature of 160 °C. However, the 4-tert-butyl phenol (4-TBP) yield amounts to 43.3% and the 2,4-di-tert-butyl phenol (2,4-DTBP) yield is 30.3%. Furthermore, due to the large pore size, which allows a faster diffusion of reactants and products, catalyst deactivation of Ga-FSM-16 (20) was not observed even after reaction for 5 h.

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  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.345
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 39
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q4 Catalysis
  • Impact Factor (2018): 1.142
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.374
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 37
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q3 Catalysis

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Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1974
Volumes
per Year
3
Issues
per Year
6
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1878-5190 (Print)
ISSN 1878-5204 (Online)