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  • 1 Department of Catalytic Chemistry and Engineering, State Key laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116012, Liaoning, People's Republic of China
  • | 2 Institutes of Petrochemicals, PetroChina, Beijing 100007, China
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Abstract

Four series of nano-sized HZSM-5 zeolite catalysts were prepared with different steaming and HNO3 leaching processes. These samples were studied by XRD, NH3-TPD, FT-IR, n-hexane and cyclohexane adsorption, and fixed-bed aromatization of C4 liquefied petroleum gas (C4 LPG). Results show that, with the steaming temperature increasing, the acidity of catalyst decreased gradually, which was attributed to the removal of Al species from the framework of the zeolite. When steaming is combined with acid leaching, we found that acid leaching-steam catalysts exhibit stronger acidity than steam-acid leaching catalysts. Besides, acid leaching also played an important role in enhancing the diffusibility of catalysts. Catalysts which underwent acid leaching twice exhibit the best microporous diffusibility. Through correlating the acidity and diffusibility of the catalysts with their aromatization performance, it is found that the product distribution of aromatization is mainly determined by catalyst acidity rather than diffusibility. On the other hand, the average coking speed of the catalysts is not only influenced by the acidity of the catalyst, but also by its microporous diffusibility. The improvement of microporous diffusibility remarkably favors suppressing the coking deactivation of nano-sized ZSM-5 zeolite in C4 LPG aromatization.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 1.520
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.345
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 39
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q4 Catalysis
  • Impact Factor (2018): 1.142
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.374
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 37
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q3 Catalysis

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Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1974
Volumes
per Year
3
Issues
per Year
6
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1878-5190 (Print)
ISSN 1878-5204 (Online)