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  • 1 Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • | 2 Department of Chemistry, Sree Neelakanta Govt. Sanskrit College, Pattambi, Palakkad 679306, India
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Abstract

Efficient catalysts for the nitration of benzene are prepared by surface capping of Ag nanoparticles using glycerol and urea with their subsequent loading over anatase titania. Herein glucose was used as an environmentally benign reducing agent for the silver ions. The catalyst was characterized and its catalytic activity was evaluated in the low temperature preparation of nitrobenzene. Ag nanoparticle loading gives rise to improved performance when compared to bare anatase titania. The influence of stabilizers and the percentage metal loading of Ag on the catalytic activity was investigated. The increased reactivity of titania seen after Ag nanoparticle loading may be due to the presence of highly dispersed nano sized surface capped Ag. Among the two capping agents studied, glycerol provides maximum efficiency for a short reaction time. These new generation catalysts appear to be an efficient alternative for the conventional use of environmentally hazardous sulfuric acid catalyst. The side reactions are found to be minimal over the present catalytic systems which lead to excellent nitrobenzene selectivity.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 1.520
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.345
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 39
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q4 Catalysis
  • Impact Factor (2018): 1.142
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.374
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 37
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q3 Catalysis

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Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1974
Volumes
per Year
3
Issues
per Year
6
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1878-5190 (Print)
ISSN 1878-5204 (Online)