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C. Mahendiran Department of Chemistry, Anna University of Technology Tirunelveli, University College of Engineering, Nagercoil Campus, Nagercoil 629004, India

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T. Maiyalagan School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798, Singapore

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P. Vijayan Department of Chemistry, Anna University, Chennai 25, India

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C. Suresh Department of Chemistry, Anna University, Chennai 25, India

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K. Shanthi Department of Chemistry, Anna University, Chennai 25, India

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Abstract

The role of V and Mn incorporated mesoporous molecular sieves was investigated for the vapor phase oxidation of o-xylene. Mesoporous monometallic V-MCM-41 (Si/V = 25, 50, 75 and 100), Mn-MCM-41 (Si/Mn = 50) and bimetallic V-Mn-MCM-41 (Si/(V + Mn) = 100) molecular sieves were synthesized by a direct hydrothermal (DHT) process and characterized by various techniques such as X-ray diffraction, DRUV-Vis spectroscopy, EPR, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). From the DRUV-Vis and EPR spectral study, it was found that most of the V species are present as vanadyl ions (VO2+) in the as-synthesized catalysts and as highly dispersed V5+ ions in tetrahedral coordination in the calcined catalysts. The activity of the catalysts was measured and compared with each other for the gas phase oxidation of o-xylene in the presence of atmospheric air as an oxidant at 573 K. Among the various catalysts, V-MCM-41 with Si/V = 50 exhibited high activity towards production of phthalic anhydride under the experimental condition. The correlation between the phthalic anhydride selectivity and the physico-chemical characteristics of the catalyst was found. It is concluded that V5+ species present in the MCM-41 silica matrix are the active sites responsible for the selective formation of phthalic anhydride during the vapor phase oxidation of o-xylene.

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Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1974
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
6
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1878-5190 (Print)
ISSN 1878-5204 (Online)