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  • 1 Institute of Technology of Pernambuco, Recife, PE, 50.740-521, Brazil
  • | 2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, PE, 50.740-521, Brazil
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Abstract

The free fatty acids of cotton seed oil were processed with methanol and ethanol into the corresponding alkyl fatty esters in the presence of diluted sulfuric acid. The products characterized as biodiesels presented higher mass fraction levels (43.0 wt%) of the alkyl linoleates, and 17.0 and 13.0 wt% of the alkyl esters C16:0 and C18:1, respectively. A model based on the mechanism of the acid esterification, and representing the evolutions of the fatty ester concentrations, was fitted to the experimental evolution results where the orders of magnitude of the kinetic parameters were quantified. The selectivities of the methyl and ethyl fatty esters in the biodiesel mixtures were compared, where the C18:2 ethyl linoleate selectivity (92.3 %) in the ethyl biodiesel was almost twice the methyl linoleate selectivity (57.3 %) in the methyl biodiesel.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 1.520
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.345
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 39
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q4 Catalysis
  • Impact Factor (2018): 1.142
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.374
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 37
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q3 Catalysis

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Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1974
Volumes
per Year
3
Issues
per Year
6
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1878-5190 (Print)
ISSN 1878-5204 (Online)