View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad 517, Iran
Restricted access

Abstract

Alumina/TiO2/Apatite interface nanostructure composite filters have been developed for air purification. It was shown that these filters can efficiently absorb and decompose organic species which are suspended in air. To prepare the filters, TiO2 nanopowder was dispersed in titanium sol in 30 and 70 g/L concentrations, and the prepared mixture was deposited on the porous alumina body by dip-coating. Then, the calcined nanostructure composite TiO2–TiO2 was soaked in a simulated physiological solution (SBF) at 37 °C. The surface morphology, surface area, crystalline structure and crystallite sizes of the films were investigated by SEM, EDS, BET, and XRD. The photocatalytic activity of the composite filters, as well as the effect of the TiO2 nanopowder concentration in the titania sol and soaking time in SBF were also evaluated through the degradation of nitrogen oxides (NOx) as one of the dominant causes of air pollution in the car exhaust gases. SEM and XRD results showed that immersion in SBF forms a layer of carbonate-containing apatite on the TiO2 layer. The results showed that increasing nanopowder TiO2 concentration increases the NOx oxidation rate. The prepared alumina/TiO2/HA filter can be used to remove CO gas with the absorption mechanism, as an interesting CO degradation performance (about 95 %) was observed in the alumina/TiO2/HA filter after soaking into SBF for 20 days. However, it could not significantly alter the concentrations of other car exhaust pollutants (SO2 and CxHy).

  • 1. Devahasdin, S C Fan Jr Li, K, Chen, DH 2003 TiO2 photocatalytic oxidation of nitric oxide: transient behavior and reaction kinetics. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 156:161 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2. Farrauto, RJ, Heck, RM 2000 Environmental catalysis into the 21st century. Catal Today 55:179 .

  • 3. Toma, F-L, Guessasma, S, Klein, D, Montavon, G, Bertrand, G, Coddet, Ch 2004 Neural computation to predict TiO2 photocatalytic efficiency for nitrogen oxides removal. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 165:91 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4. Dalton, JS, Janes, PA, Jones, NG, Nicholson, JA, Hallam, KR, Allen, GC 2002 Photocatalytic oxidation of NOx gases using TiO2: a surface spectroscopic approach. Environ Pollut 120:415 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5. Ao, CH, Lee, SC 2003 Enhancement effect of TiO2 immobilized on activated carbon filter for the photodegradation of pollutants at typical indoor air level. Appl Catal B Environ 44:191 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6. Bosc, F, Ayral, A, Albouy, PA, Guizard, C 2003 A simple route for low-temperature synthesis of mesoporous and nanocrystalline anatase thin films. Chem Mat 15:2463 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7. Fattakhova-Rohlfing, D, Wark, M, Brezesinski, T, Smarsly, B, Rathousk′y, J 2007 Highly organized mesoporous TiO2 films with controlled crystallinity: a Li-insertion study. Adv Funct Mater 17:123 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8. Rathousk′y, J, Fattakhova-Rohlfing, D, Wark, M, Brezesinski, T, Smarsly, B 2007 Illumination-induced properties of highly ordered mesoporous TiO2 layers with controlled crystallinity. Thin Solid Films 515:6541 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9. Balasubramanian, G, Dionysiou, DD, Suidan, MT, Baudin, I, Laıne, J-M 2004 Evaluating the activities of immobilized TiO2 powder films for the photocatalytic degradation of organic contaminants in water. Appl Catal B Environ 47:73 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10. Chen, Y, Dionysiou, D 2007 A comparative study on physicochemical properties and photocatalytic behavior of macroporous TiO2-P25 composite films and macroporous TiO2 films coated on stainless steel substrate. Appl Catal A 317:129137 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11. Bosc, F, Edwards, D, Keller, N, Keller, V, Ayral, A 2006 Mesoporous TiO2-based photocatalysts for UV and visible light gas-phase toluene degradation. Thin Solid Films 495:272 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12. Nishikawa, H, Monma, H 1994 Oxidative decomposition of chlorobenzene over calcium-deficient hydroxyapatite. Bull Chem Soc Jpn 67:2454 .

  • 13. Nonami, T, Taoda, H, Hue, NT, Watanabe, E 1998 Apatite formation on TiO2 photocatalyst film in a pseudo body solution. Mater Res Bull 33:125 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14. Nonami, T, Hase, H, Funakoshi, K 2004 Apatite-coated titanium dioxide photocatalyst for air purification. Catal Today 96:113118 .

  • 15. Nishikawa, H, Kato, S, Ando, T 2005 Rapid and complete oxidation of acetaldehyde on TiO2 photocatalytic filter supported by photo-induced activated hydroxyapatite. J Mol Catal A: Chem 236:145148 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16. Guo, L, Li, H 2004 Fabrication and characterization of thin nano-hydroxyapatitecoatings on titanium. Surf Coat Technol 185:268274 .

  • 17. Nasr-Esfahani, M, Habibi, MH 2010 Comparison of physicochemical properties of three nanostructure composite TiO2 films and their photocatalytic properties. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 10:11591165 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18. Nasr-Esfahani M , Habibi MH (2008) Photochemical characterization and photocatalytic properties of a nanostructure composite TiO2 film. Inter J Photoenergy. Article ID 628713, 11.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19. Nasr-Esfahani, M, Khakifirooz, A, Tavakoli, N, Soleimani, MH 2010 Preparation, characterization and photocatalytic activity of a novel nanostructure ZnO composite film derived sol–gel process using organic binder materials. Desalination Water Treat 21:202209 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20. Nasr-Esfahani M , Nourmohammadi A (2012) ZnO/ITO interface nanostructure films for the photocatalytic degradation of a textile dye. Reac Kinet Mech Cat. doi: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 21. Yang, Z, Si, S, Zeng, X, Zhang, C, Dai, H 2008 Mechanism and kinetics of apatite formation on nanocrystalline TiO2 coatings: a quartz crystal microbalance study. Acta Biomater 4:560568 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22. Maggos, Th, Bartzis, JG, Liakou, M, Gobin, C 2007 Photocatalytic degradation of NOx gases using TiO2-containing paint: a real scale study. J Hazard Mater 146:668673 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23. Ao, CH, Lee, SC, Zou, SC, Mak, CL 2004 Inhibition effect of SO2 on NOx and VOCs during the photodegradation of synchronous indoor air pollutants at parts per billion (ppb) level by TiO2. Appl Catal B Environ 49:187193 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24. Nasr-Esfahani, M, Ebrahimi-Kahrizsangi, R, Dadash, MS, Karbasi, S 2011 Bonding strength, hardness and bioactivity of nano bioglass-titania nano composite coating deposited on NiTi nails. Curr Nanosci 7:568575 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25. Dadash, MS, Karbasi, S, Nasr Esfahani, M, Ebrahimi, R, Vali, H 2011 Influence of calcinated and non calcinated nanobioglass particles on hardness and bioactivity of sol–gel-derived TiO2–SiO2 nanocomposite coatings on stainless steel substrates. J Mater Sci Mater Med 22:829838 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 26. Pérez-Pariente, J, Balas, F, Román, J, Salinas, AJ, Vallet-Regí, M 1999 Influence of composition and surface on the in vitro bioactivity of SiO2–CaO–P2O5–MgO sol–gel glasses. J Biomed Mater Res, Part A 47:170175 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 27. International Organization for Standardization, ISO 22197-1:2009, Switzerland.

  • 28. EPA CFR 600.113-93, Determination of mobile sources air pollutions and EPA test number 199702, Sample and analysis of exhausted gaseous in vehicles.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 29. Liu, XY, Zhao, XB, Fu, RKY, Ho, JPY, Ding, CX, Chu, PK 2005 Plasmatreated nanostructured TiO2 surface supporting biomimetic growth of apatite. Biomaterials 26:61436150 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 30. Keshmiri, M, Troczynski, T 2003 Apatite formation on TiO2 anatase microspheres. J Non-Cryst Solids 324:289294 .

  • 31. Wang, H, Wu, Z, Zhao, W, Guan, B 2007 Photocatalytic oxidation of nitrogen oxides using TiO2 loading on woven glass fabric. Chemosphere 66:185190 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 32. Keshmiri, M, Mohseni, M, Troczynski, T 2004 Development of novel TiO2 sol–gel-derived composite and its photocatalytic activities for trichloroethylene oxidation. Appl Catal B 53:209219 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 33. Hu, A, Li, M, Chang, C, Mao, D 2007 Preparation and characterization of a titanium-substituted hydroxyapatite photocatalyst. J Mol Catal A: Chem 267:7985 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 34. Sheng, G, Qiao, L, Mou, Y 2011 Preparation of TiO2/hydroxyapatite composite and its photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange. J Environ Eng 137:611616 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 35. Vorontsov, AV, Savinov, EN, Kurkin, EN, Torbova, OD, Parmon, VN 1997 Kinetic features of the steady state photocatalytic CO oxidation by air on TiO2. React Kinet Catal Lett 62:83 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 36. Huang, HY, Long, RQ, Yang, RT 2001 A highly sulfur resistant Pt-Rh/TiO2/Al2O3 storage catalyst for NOx reduction under lean-rich cycles. Appl Catal B 33:127136 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 37. Santos, A, Yustos, P, Rodriguez, S, Garcia-Ochoa, F 2002 Route of the catalytic oxidation of phenol in aqueous phase. Appl Catal A Environ 39:97113 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Manuscript submission: www.editorialmanager.com/reac

  • Impact Factor (2019): 1.520
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.345
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 39
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q4 Catalysis
  • Impact Factor (2018): 1.142
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.374
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 37
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q3 Catalysis

For subscription options, please visit the website of Springer

Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1974
Volumes
per Year
3
Issues
per Year
6
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1878-5190 (Print)
ISSN 1878-5204 (Online)