A new composite catalytic system of Pd/C, 2,4,6-trichloro-[1,3,5]-triazine and N,N-dimethylformamide was investigated in nitrocyclohexane hydrogenation to ∊-caprolactam. The Pd/C catalyst was prepared by the incipient impregnation method and characterized by BET, N2 adsorption–desorption, XRD, TEM and H2 chemisorption. The results indicate that 2,4,6-trichloro-[1,3,5]-triazine plays a key role in one step synthesis of ∊-caprolactam from nitrocyclohexane hydrogenation. Besides ∊-caprolactam, the products include cyclohexanone oxime, cyclohexamine, cyclohexanone and cyclohexanol. A possible mechanism for nitrocyclohexane hydrogenation in 2,4,6-trichloro-[1,3,5]-triazine and N,N-dimethylformamide complex was proposed.
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