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  • 1 Science Council of Canada 100 Metcalfe St. K1P 5M1 Ottawa Ontario (Canada) 100 Metcalfe St. K1P 5M1 Ottawa Ontario (Canada)
  • | 2 McGill University Centre for Cognitive and Ethnographic Studies, Faculty of Education 3700 McTavish St. H3A 1Y2 Montréal Quebec (Canada) 3700 McTavish St. H3A 1Y2 Montréal Quebec (Canada)
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Abstract  

This paper describes the mainstream scientific output of the scientific communities of four newly industrializing Asian countries (Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan) and considers its adequacy for describing local scientific activities in biochemistry, biology, physics, electrical engineering, and computer science. An examination of non mainstream scientific literature in these specialties shows that a high proportion of non mainstream authors also publish in mainstream literature. Data concerning degree of parochialism, age of references and use of vernacular literature are examined. The paper argues that it is misleading to characterize these peripheral scientific communities as principally stratified in function of local scientists' participation in mainstream science.