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  • 1 Roskilde University Unit of History of Science, Department of Life Sciences Roskilde (Denmark) Roskilde (Denmark)
  • | 2 Göteborg University Department of Theory of Science and Research Göteborg (Sweden) Göteborg (Sweden)
  • | 3 The Johns Hopkins University Institute of the History of Medicine Baltimore Maryland (USA) Baltimore Maryland (USA)
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Abstract  

A new method for the analysis of leadership and subdisciplinary structure of a scientific discipline is discussed. The database consists of lists of participants in international scientific meetings. Disciplinary leaders are identified by means of their frequency of participation. The subdisciplinary structure is mapped by means of cluster analysis of meetings with respect to degree of similarily. The method possesses strengths not shared by citation analysis: in addition to scientists frequently cited in the literature for their contribution to cognitive research programs, it also identifies administrative discipline builders. The method may also represent better the cognitive interests of scientists.