An analysis of the patents filed and scientific papers published and abstracted in theJournal of Current Laser Abstracts (JCLA) for the period 1967–95 indicates that innovative activity in laser science and technology was at its peak in the early
70s. However, scientific activity surpassed the innovative activity in the early 80s. There was a continuous shift in emphasis
from “applications of lasers” to “experimental laser research” and to “theoretical laser research”. Further analysis of the
1840 patents field in 1970–71, 1975–76, and 1980–85 indicates that most of the firms filing patents were situated in USA and
thus USA is the leading country filing patents in this area followed by Japan. “Spectroscopy of laser output” followed by
“Communication applications of laser” got the maximum emphasis.