Mathematics research in India, as reflected by papers indexed inMathsci 1988–1998, is quantified and mapped. Statistics, quantum theory and general topology are the three subfields contributing
the most to India's output in mathematics research, followed by special functions, economics and operations research, and
relativity and gravitational theory. Indian Statistical Institute and Tata Institute of Fundamental Research are the two leading
publishers of research papers. Unlike in many other fields, Calcutta publishes the largest number of papers in mathematics,
followed by Mumbai, New Delhi, Chennai and Bangalore. West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Delhi are the
leading states. Researchers from 257 institutions spread over 134 cities/towns have published 17,308 papers in the 11 years.
About 92% of these papers have appeared in 877 journals published from 62 countries. Journals published in the USA, UK and
the Netherlands are popular with Indian mathematicians. Of the 36 journals that have published at least a hundred papers,
20 are Indian journals of which only two are indexed in Journal Citation Reports. In all, about 38.5% of papers have been published in Indian journals, as against about 70% in agriculture, 55% in life sciences,
33.5% in medicine and 20% in physics. In the later years, there has been a moderate shift to non-Indian journals. Close to
78% of papers have come from universities and colleges and 13% from the institutions under science related departments. Almost
all papers in high impact journals are physics related and most of them have come from institutions under the Department of
Atomic Energy. Over 15% of the 9760 papers published during 1993–1998 are internationally coauthored. In all of science, as
seen from Science Citation Index, 14% of Indian papers were internationally coauthored in 1991 and 17.6% in 1998. The USA, Canada, and Germany are the important
collaborating nations, followed by France, Italy, Japan and the UK.