View More View Less
  • 1 Laboratorio de Optoelectrónica, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (INTA), 28850 Torrejón de Ardoz, Spain
Restricted access

We have developed a formula that assigns relative values to each author of the list in any publication according to the authors' relative positions. The formula satisfies several criteria of theoretical and practical significance. We tested the formula's validity and usefulness with bibliographical references from the INSPEC database, mainly from the physical sciences. Enforced alphabetical sorting, different names of single authors and other statistical disturbances are accounted for. Our results demonstrate that our formula, or any other that satisfies several objective and quantitative criteria, can and often should be used as an additional criterion in the processes of evaluating relative scientific productivity, detecting experts in a given discipline, etc.

  • Balaban, A. T. 1996 How should citations to articles in high-and low-impact journals be evaluated, or what is a citation worth? Scientometrics 37 495498.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bartle, S. A. Fink, A. A. Hayes, B. C. 2000 Psychology of the scientist: LXXX. Attitudes regarding authorship issues in psychological publications Psychological Reports 86 771788.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cronin, B. Overfelt, K. 1994 Citation-based auditing of academic performance Journal of the American Society for Information Science 45 6172.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cronin, B., Shaw, D. (2001), Identity-creators and image-makers: Using citation analysis and thick description to put authors in their place. ISI Conference 2001, pp. 127138.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Delgado, E. A. Howard, G. S. 1994 Changes in research productivity in counseling psychology: Revisiting Howard (1983) a decade later Journal Counseling Psychology 41 6973.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Endersby, J. W. 1996 Collaborative research in the social sciences: Multiple authorship and publication credit Social Science Quarterly 77 375392.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Garfield, E. 1977 The 250 most-cited primary authors, 1961–1975. Part III. Each author.s most cited publication Current Contents 51 520.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Harsanyi, M. A. 1993 Multiple authors, multiple problems — Bibliometrics and the study of scholarly collaboration: A literature review Library Information Science Research 15 325354.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hoen, W. P. Walvoort, H. C. Overbeke, A. J. P. M. 1998 What are the factors determining authorship and the order of the authors' names?: A study among authors of the Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde (Dutch Journal of Medicine) Journal of the American Medical Association 280 217218.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Howard, G. S. Cole, D. A. Maxwell, S. E. 1987 Research productivity in psychology based on publication in the journals of the American Psychological Association American Psychologist 42 957986.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lange, L. L. 2001 Citation counts of multi-authored papers — First-named authors and further authors Scientometrics 52 457470.

  • Laudel, G. 2002 Collaboration and reward: What do we measure by co-authorships? Research Evaluation 11 315.

  • Lindsey, D. 1980 Production and citation measures in the sociology of science: The problem of multiple authorship Social Studies of Science 10 145162.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Long, J. S. McGinnis, R. 1982 On adjusting productivity measures for multiple authorship Scientometrics 4 379387.

  • Nagpaul, P. S. Roy, S. 2003 Constructing a multi-objective measure of research performance Scientometrics 56 383402.

  • Pravdic, N. Oluic-Vukovic, V. 1991 Distribution of scientific productivity: Ambiguities in the assignement of author rank Scientometrics 20 131144.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rennie, D. Yank, V. Emanuel, L. 1997 When authorship fails: A proposal to make contributors accountable Journal of the American Medical Association 278 579585.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Roy, R. Roy, N. R. Johnson, G. G. 1983 Approximating total citation counts from first author counts and from total papers Scientometrics 5 117124.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Trenchard, P. M. 1992 Hierarchical bibliometry: a new objective measure of individual scientific performance to replace publication counts and to complement citation measures Journal of Information Science 18 6975.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vuckovic-Dekic, L. Ribaric, B. Vracar, B. 2001 Implementation of various criteria for evaluating the scientific output of professional scientists and clinicians-scientists Archive of Oncology 9 103106.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zuckerman, H. A. 1968 Patterns of name ordering among authors of scientific papers: A study of social symbolism and its ambiguity American Journal of Sociology 74 276279.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation